What is the census?
Scotland’s Census is the official count of every person and household in the country.
There has been a census in Scotland every 10 years since 1801, except 1941. The 2021 census in Scotland was moved to 2022 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
The answers people give to census questions help build up a picture of the population. Government and other service providers rely on census data to make important decisions.
These can include how money will be spent on:
- schools where our children are educated
- roads we drive on every day
- hospitals we will all rely on
A snapshot of the nation
Every household in Scotland has a legal responsibility to complete a census questionnaire. This means the census offers a detailed and accurate snapshot of the nation. The information the census collects has many uses.
The census provides detailed information about Scotland's population, covering topics such as:
- type of accommodation
- household relationships
- age, sex and health
- employment, education and qualifications
- religion and ethnic group
- car and van ownership
New questions added for the 2022 census will collect information about:
- trans status
- sexual orientation
- British Sign Language (BSL)
- passports held
- previous armed forces service
The census is the only survey of its type in Scotland and is the only source of such detailed information about the population.
Find out more about how we keep census information secure and confidential.