After the census closes, we publish the information we have collected and make it available for use.
Before we publish data, we remove all personal information. This means you cannot be identified by any of the census data we publish.
Information we publish can include, for example, data about:
- the age of Scotland's population
- population levels across the country
- what languages people in Scotland use
We keep all census responses secure and confidential for 100 years. We also keep the number of people who can access them to a minimum.
Census responses will be published and made available to the public in the future. Currently, this is intended to be in 100 years but will be done in accordance with the laws of the time.
Protected by law
It is against the law to disclose confidential census data. This is set out in the The Census Act 1920.
The Census (Confidentiality) Act 1991 extended this to people and businesses working as part of the census.
Anyone who unlawfully discloses census data can be:
- fined up to £10,000
- sent to prison for up to 2 years
- or both
No one can get personal census data through a Freedom of Information request. This is set out in sections 38 and 58 of the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002.
The Acts state that personal census data is exempt from disclosure for 100 years.
Data protection legislation controls how organisations can use the personal data they hold. Everyone who collects personal data must follow strict rules to keep that data safe and use it fairly, lawfully and transparently.
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) sets out the key principles, rights and obligations for most processing of personal data. You can find more information about data protection on the website of the Information Commissioner's Office.
Find out more about the legislation behind the 2020 census.