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Country of birth

The 2011 census broke down where people living in Scotland had been born.

Born in the UK

4.9 million people in Scotland were born in the UK.

That’s 93% of the population - down from 96% in 2001.

83% of Scotland’s population was born in Scotland.

Born outside the UK

369,000 people in Scotland were born outside of the UK.

That's nearly double the number in 2001, when 192,000 people in Scotland were born outside the UK.

55% of people born outside the UK had arrived in the UK between 2004 and March 2011.

89% of people born outside the UK had arrived in the country when they were younger than 35 years old.

Most common countries of birth

4.4 million

Scotland

459,000

England

55,000

Poland

37,000

Northern Ireland

23,000

India

17,000

Wales

Explore Scotland's Census

Scotland's population is diverse and the data on this page is just part of the story. The data from Scotland's Census is easy to use and free for everyone.

Area overviews

View and compare simple census results for postcodes, towns, council areas, or all of Scotland.

Search the data

Get detailed data tables for a wide range of topics and geographies with our data searching tool.

Analytical reports

Read detailed reports that make use of census data to explore various topics.