Economic activity

Mnemonic reference (code): ECOPUK11

Type: Derived variable

Definition: Economic activity relates to whether or not a person aged 16 and over was working or looking for work in the week before census. Rather than a simple indicator of whether or not someone was currently in employment, it provides a measure of whether or not a person was an active participant in the labour market.

A person's economic activity is derived from their 'activity last week'. This is an indicator of their status or availability for employment - whether employed, unemployed, or their status if not employed and not seeking employment. Additional information included in the economic activity classification is also derived from information about the number of hours a person works and their type of employment - whether employed or self-employed.

The census concept of economic activity is compatible with the standard for economic status defined by the International Labour Organisation (ILO). It is one of a number of definitions used internationally to produce accurate and comparable statistics on employment, unemployment and economic status.

Applicability: Person

Classification:

Code

Name

01

Economically active (excluding full-time students): In employment: Employee, part-time

02

Economically active (excluding full-time students): In employment: Employee, full-time

03

Economically active (excluding full-time students): In employment: Self-employed with employees, part-time

04

Economically active (excluding full-time students): In employment: Self-employed with employees, full-time

05

Economically active (excluding full-time students): In employment: Self-employed without employees, part-time

06

Economically active (excluding full-time students): In employment: Self-employed without employees, full-time

07

Economically active (excluding full-time students): Unemployed: Seeking work and available to start in 2 weeks or waiting to start a job already obtained

08

Economically active full-time students: In employment: Employee, part-time

09

Economically active full-time students: In employment: Employee, full-time

10

Economically active full-time students: In employment: Self-employed with employees, part-time

11

Economically active full-time students: In employment: Self-employed with employees, full-time

12

Economically active full-time students: In employment: Self-employed without employees, part-time

13

Economically active full-time students: In employment: Self-employed without employees, full-time

14

Economically active full-time students: Unemployed: Seeking work and available to start in 2 weeks or waiting to start a job already obtained

15

Economically inactive: Retired

16

Economically inactive: Student

17

Economically inactive: Looking after home or family

18

Economically inactive: Long-term sick or disabled

19

Economically inactive: Other

XX

No code required

Total Number of Categories: 20

Not applicable category (XX) comprises: Schoolchildren and full-time students living away from home during term time and all those under the age of 16.

Comparison with 2001:

The wording of the questions asking respondents about their economic activity the previous week, reasons for not working (if applicable) and employment status were changed slightly since 2001 in order to improve their clarity. This may have caused slight differences in responses, meaning comparisons with 2001 should be treated with some caution. Furthermore, the classifications of economically inactive categories changed between 2001 and 2011, so only the total number of economically inactive people is comparable.

Source variables ECOPUK11 is derived from:

ACTLW (Derived variable)

AGE (Derived variable)

AVAILWORK (Primary variable)

DOB (Primary variable)

EMPLYGRP (Primary variable)

EMPSTAT (Primary variable)

HRSWRKD_GROUP (Derived variable)

LOOKWORK (Primary variable)

OTHACT (Primary variable)

STUDENT (Primary variable)

TERMIND (Primary variable)

WAITWORK (Primary variable)

Known quality issues:

The number of ‘Inactive Students’ in QS603SC is different to the other Economic Activity tables. The ‘Inactive Student’ column in QS603SC includes only full-time students who are not working. The ‘Inactive Student’ column in the other Economic Activity tables includes full-time students who are not working and people who ticked that they were a student the previous week in question 28 but they did not tick that they were full-time students in question 5.

Tables:

To see which of our published standard, additional and commissioned tables use this variable please use the Table Index.